Once a remote Army “listening post,” Vint Hill Farms Station is being developed into a vibrant, mixed-use community to include public and private employers adding to the local economy.
The former Vint Hill Farms Station now hosts over 300 homes, a handful of engineering and technology companies, and two Federal Aviation Administration air traffic control facilities. Vint Hill Craft Winery, Old Bust Head Brewing Company and The Cold War Museum all draw visitors to the area once chosen by the Army for its remote location.
Vint Hill Farms Station was established in 1942 by the Army’s Signals Intelligence Service. The 696-acre facility was built because the Army needed a secure location to serve as a cryptography school, and as a refitting station for signal units. In 1974, the mission changed to research, development, and support of intelligence and electronic warfare for the Army and the Department of Defense.
The 1993 Base Realignment and Closure Commission recommended closure of the facility, resulting in the loss of 1,356 civilian and 454 contractor positions. The Commonwealth of Virginia created the Vint Hill Economic Development Authority (VHEDA) in 1996 to plan for the future of the facility, which officially closed in 1997. The land was transferred to the VHEDA in 1999.
The VHEDA set out with the mission to generate high-quality jobs and tax revenues for the betterment of Fauquier County. The Authority envisioned the renovation of the former base into an exceptional mixed-use community of enduring quality. In 2014, the VHEDA began selling off property and assets at an accelerated pace in order to get the property into private hands and on the county tax rolls. By September 2017, the VHEDA sold its final 4.6 acres of the 677.5 acres transferred from the Army. Between 1999 and 2017, the self-supporting authority reinvested $28 million of sales and leases into improvements such as new roads, sewer and water facilities at Vint Hill. The Virginia Department of Transportation contributed another $5 million in matching grant funds for new roads.
Most of the property and assets were sold to the private developer, Vint Hill Village, LLC, which adopted the VHEDA’s mission into its vision of a live-work-play community, creating a sense of place within Fauquier County’s service district.
Updated October 2020